Before You Go:
Currency: 1 Euro = approx 1.19 USD
Plugs: Adapters are needed (if traveling from outside the EU). Italy operates on a 230V.
Time zone: Central European Time
When to visit: High season runs from June-September, with peaks during Easter, Christmas, and New Year. These months you'll see peak pricing. Sicily has a moderate climate year round, with more affordable rates in the fall and winter.
Getting around: I rented a car for the first part in Siracusa (allowing for day trips), and used New Travel Services to later transfer to Taormina (I would not recommend driving around Taormina on your own -- there are steep, winding roads, and parking is not the easiest). For public transportation options, go here.
How many days: One week
Nearest airport: Catania International Airport or Palermo Airport
Local history: The island was highly influenced by Greek architecture. Check out the Valley of the Temples, the Greek Theater in Taormina, and Syracuse for the Temple of Athena (Archimedes birth place).
Fun fact: Mount Etna is the tallest active volcano in Europe!